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Symptoms, Tests, and Treatment

  1. What are the symptoms of the virus?

    People with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have had a wide range of illnesses reported – ranging from mild symptoms...

  2. Is there a test for COVID-19?

    Yes. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) developed a test that is used to diagnose the...

  3. Can getting the flu shot, or vaccines against pneumonia, help ward off pneumonia brought on by COVID-19?

    There is no evidence that getting the vaccination against influenza will help against COVID-19. They are different viruses and...

  4. Does COVID-19 affect people with different blood types differently?

    There hasn't been enough research to conclusively say whether different blood types are more or less susceptible to COVID-19....

  5. Do chloroquine phosphate or hydroxychloroquine help fight coronavirus?

    Based on the available data, hydroxychloroquine is not an effective treatment for the coronavirus. A 96,000-patient observational study concluded...

  6. When will a vaccine be developed?

    Many organizations are working on developing a vaccine for the novel coronavirus. Public health officials estimate that a safe...

  7. Are there therapies available to treat COVID-19?

    Scientists are currently testing different types of antivirals that work against influenza, HIV, and even Ebola, to see if...

  8. Is it possible to use convalescent serum - antibodies from those who have recovered from COVID-19 - to treat others?

    This is a strategy that is currently being tested. The concept of giving antibodies from one person to another...

  9. What happens when you get COVID-19 and it’s bad enough that you need to be treated in the hospital?

    Most hospital care involves management of conditions that happen as a result of a COVID-19 infection, for instance, pneumonia...

  10. Should I take over-the-counter medication to reduce my fever if I think I have COVID-19?

    Over-the-counter options for fever reducers include ibuprofen and acetaminophen. The World Health Organization (WHO) has clarified that it does...

  11. How do I treat the symptoms of someone who is sick at home?

    - Make sure the sick person drinks a lot of fluids to stay hydrated and rests at home. -...

  12. How can I take care of myself at home?

    If you have possible or confirmed COVID-19: 1. Stay home from work, school, and away from other public places....

  13. Can a person test negative and later test positive for COVID-19?

    Using the CDC-developed diagnostic test, a negative result means that the virus that causes COVID-19 was not found in...

  14. How do I know if I have the virus?

    Symptoms can appear anywhere from 2-14 days after exposure. Symptoms consist of fever, coughing, and shortness of breath. If...

  15. What would lead you to believe that someone is infected with COVID-19?

    Identifying people who may be infected with COVID-19 virus relies on recognizing the symptoms that are caused by infection...

  16. Should I be tested for COVID-19?

    If you develop symptoms such as fever, cough, and/or difficulty breathing, and have been in close contact with a...

  17. How does the CDC COVID-19 test work?

    CDC recommends collecting and testing a single upper respiratory swab from the nostril. This sample is then processed. Using...

  18. If I get infected, when do symptoms appear?

    Symptoms can appear between 2-14 days after exposure, though some people may not have any symptoms while still being...

  19. How do vaccines work?

    Vaccines work by imitating infection and stimulating a person’s immune system to develop protections against a disease. Sometimes getting...

  20. Why will it take so long for a coronavirus vaccine to be ready?

    Vaccine development takes a long time because there are many steps in the process. Researchers must ensure the vaccine...

  21. Are antibiotics effective in preventing or treating the COVID-19?

    No. According to the World Health Organization, antibiotics do not work against viruses. They only work on bacterial infections....

  22. How do antivirals work?

    Antivirals are a class of medications used for treating viruses. Viruses cannot reproduce on their own so to survive...

  23. How are suspected COVID-19 cases confirmed?

    People suspected of being infected by the COVID-19 virus will have respiratory samples (i.e. mucus) taken by healthcare professionals...

  24. How does a typical COVID-19 test work?

    The tests generally take a sample from a patient and process it so that the virus’s specific genetic signature...

  25. What is serology testing, and can it be used to figure out when to go back to work?

    A serology test is used to show whether a person has antibodies against a germ. If a person has...

  26. What does random testing mean?

    Random testing means selecting people for a test arbitrarily. Take, for example, a test meant to figure out how...

  27. What does pooled testing mean?

    To save supplies, especially in situations where resources are limited, and test more people, pooled testing may be implemented....