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COVID-19 Vaccine Information

  1. What is the latest on COVID-19 vaccines that have been cleared for use in the US?

    To date, career public servant-scientists at the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have granted Emergency Use Authorizations (EUAs)...

  2. When will the vaccine be available to me?

    COVID-19 vaccines have been cleared for use in the US; however, as production of mass quantities takes time, there...

  3. How will we know that the vaccine is safe and protects people from COVID-19?

    Tens of thousands of people volunteered for what are called clinical trials to find out whether a vaccine is...

  4. How did vaccine-makers create this vaccine so quickly, doesn't it usually take much longer?

    While vaccines do normally take longer, governments and companies all around the world have invested billions of dollars and...

  5. Why are there different COVID-19 vaccines (Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson, etc.)? Don't we need just one? Is one better than the others?

    Different companies took different scientific approaches to developing the COVID-19 vaccine, which is good because taking multiple approaches increased...

  6. How long does it take after getting a vaccine to be protected against the virus? After I get vaccinated can I stop wearing a mask and return to normal?

    Most of the COVID-19 vaccines, including those that will be available first, require two doses taken three or four...

  7. Will there be any side effects from the vaccine?

    The most common reactions to the vaccine based on the clinical trials will be soreness where the shot was...

  8. Why is fever a side effect of the vaccine, does that mean I am getting a form of COVID-19?

    Mild fever is a common side effect of many vaccinations, such as the flu vaccine which millions of people...

  9. Do any of the new COVID-19 vaccines change my DNA?

    No, none of the vaccines that will be made available in the US to prevent the spread of COVID-19...

  10. What if I have antibodies to the coronavirus, does that mean I still need the COVID-19 vaccine?

    After vaccination your body will produce antibodies which protect you from getting COVID-19. In addition to those who are...

  11. Will the vaccine protect me from COVID-19 for life?

    We do not know yet. Some vaccines protect you for a long period of time, others, like the flu...

  12. How much will the vaccine cost?

    The federal government has promised the vaccine will be provided to people in the United States at no cost....

  13. At what point does the vaccine make the pandemic end?

    The vaccine will help us work towards ending the pandemic, which will be when enough people are protected from...

  14. Can a school / workplace make getting a vaccine mandatory?

    Mandatory vaccines are most commonly tied to public school attendance, and all 50 states require students to receive some...

  15. I never get the flu shot, why should I get vaccinated for COVID-19?

    Even though most people who have COVID-19 do not die, the disease is still much more deadly than influenza,...

  16. Why should I trust vaccines made by companies, cleared by the government?

    Having concerns about the vaccine is understandable. Remember though that tens of thousands of volunteers have received the COVID-19...

  17. What are the ingredients in the COVID-19 vaccines?

    The Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech vaccines both contain messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA). This mRNA provides instructions for making a protein...

  18. Why is it essential to get my second dose of the vaccine in the right time frame?

    The first dose of the vaccine primes or prepares your immune system by teaching it to recognize and build...

  19. How does the vaccine affect testing for COVID-19 infection?

    It depends on the type of test. Most people receive a PCR test to check for a current COVID-19...

  20. If I received another vaccine (HPV, Tdap, Pneumonia, etc.), how long should I wait until getting the COVID-19 vaccine?

    Little is known about the safety and efficacy of administering the COVID-19 vaccine at the same time as other...